Use AT LEAST 6 reputable academic sources. At least 4 must be non-website sources (e.g. databases, books, and eBooks). Check your assignment for DSM-V requirements.

Your assignment or teacher may refer to a “scholarly” or “peer-reviewed” source. These terms are defined here for you:

What is a scholarly source?

A scholarly or academic article is one that has been written by a scholar, researcher, or professional in a specific area of study.

What does “peer-reviewed” mean?

A peer-reviewed article is written by a professional in an area of study AND is evaluated by other experts in that area of study, who read the article before it is accepted for publication in a scholarly journal.


Your paper must be 8 pages long, double-spaced.

Use at least 6 sources, 4 of those must be “non-website” sources (books, databases, eBooks).

Ms. Hodin and Ms. Murphy’s students may choose between APA or MLA Style. Mr. Herbert’s students must use APA Style. A bibliography is required; this is not part of the page count for your paper.

  • Resource Info and Links: Databases, Catalogs, and Websites
  • Search Tips
  • Citation and Source Evaluation

Search Tips for Most Databases

Finding specific aspects of the disorder

In order to find relevant journal articles, you may want to narrow your search. To find specific treatments, causes, or behaviors related to a disorder, try looking at the NIMH website. If you are still having difficulty identifying specific aspects of the disorder, then try putting the disorder name and a relevant keyword into a Google search. Example searches:

  • “anorexia nervosa” and treatment
  • depression and causes
  • “borderline personality disorder” and behavior

Once you have specific search terms (e.g., cognitive behavioral therapy, anti-depressants, etc.), then go to a database and use these terms along with the disorder. For example:

  • “anorexia nervosa” and “nutritional counseling”
  • depression and genetics
  • “borderline personality disorder” and “distorted self-image”

Quotation Marks

Use quotations to find an exact phrase. For example:

  • “personality disorder”
  • “attachment disorder”
  • “post-traumatic stress disorder”
  • “social anxiety phobia”
  • “anorexia nervosa”

Advanced Search and Sorting Results

Most databases provide links or a drop-down menu to sort by relevance or date.

Most databases have a link called Advanced or Advanced Search. Using Advanced Search, you may be able to:

  • limit the date range
  • limit the document type
  • refine your keyword search
  • limit to peer-reviewed only


Be sure to cite your sources as you find them, using either APA or MLA Style. Just be sure to be consistent in the style that you use. Many databases provide citations for articles (at the bottom of the page, or through a link). Here are two citation generators:

If you need some general guidance about citation, here is an L-S Library page that can help:

Citation Links


In general, you should evaluate any source for soundness, currency, relevance, authority, and purpose.

Here’s a list of questions that can help you evaluate sources:

SCRAP Test Questions